Learn the most important information about the destination country for your time in Switzerland

Switzerland is a mountainous country in Central Europe with numerous lakes, villages and high Alpine peaks. In its cities you will find medieval quarters with landmarks such as the Zytglogge clock tower in the capital Bern and the Chapel Bridge in Lucerne. Switzerland is also known for its ski resorts and hiking trails. Banking and finance are important industries, and Swiss watches and chocolate are world-famous.

Facts about Switzerland


Capital City


DACHSER & KOLB: Population


8.70 million

DACHSER & KOLB: Surface Area

Surface Area

25,653.31 mi² or 41,285 km²

DACHSER & KOLB: Continent



DACHSER & KOLB: Official Language

Official Language

Romansh, French, German, Italian


Swiss Frank (CHF)


Switzerland practices direct democracy. In addition to the usual right to vote in democracies, Swiss citizens also have the right to vote on substantive issues. The government of Switzerland, the Federal Council, consists of a college of 7 members who make their decisions by consensus. The Federal Councillors are elected by the United Federal Assembly, which consists of a large and a small chamber. The National Council, the large chamber, represents the people, while the Council of States, the small chamber, represents the cantons. Representatives from 11 parties put forward their views in Parliament.

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Switzerland generally has a temperate climate. The main Alpine ridge separates the rather cool and humid climate in the north from the milder, sometimes even Mediterranean climate in the south. However, there are considerable regional differences. The inner Alpine valleys often have their own characteristic climate. Valais and the Engadine, for example, are known for their comparatively low levels of precipitation.

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In Switzerland, the cantons have extensive powers in the healthcare sector, for example in hospital care, cutting-edge medicine, professional licensing and prevention. The federal government, on the other hand, is responsible for compulsory health insurance, combating communicable diseases and reproductive and transplantation medicine.

Every resident of Switzerland is required by law to take out basic health insurance, although the choice of insurer is free. The amount of the monthly premiums depends on the area of residence, gender, age and the chosen level of the annual deductible for adults (between CHF 300 and CHF 2,500). In 2017, the average monthly premium for compulsory basic insurance (including accident cover) amounted to CHF 447. In addition to basic insurance, every insured person has the opportunity to take out optional supplementary insurance.

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Switzerland's gross domestic product per capita in 2023 amounted to 91,700 euros. The Gini coefficient of wealth describes the distribution of wealth. The indicator is an established, internationally comparable measure of wealth inequality. It is measured on a scale from zero to one. The higher the value, the greater the inequality. The Gini coefficient in Cyprus is expected to be 0.33 in 2024 (source: Statista).

The standard of living and life satisfaction in Switzerland remain at a very high level. In a European comparison, Switzerland ranks third in terms of standard of living, behind Luxembourg and Norway.

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National holiday


Federal Holiday

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Alexander Brugger

Teamlead Customer Service & Sales - AIR&SEA