Learn the most important information about the destination country for your time in Germany

Germany is a federal state in Central Europe. It has 16 federal states and is constituted as a free, democratic and social constitutional state. Founded in 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany is the latest manifestation of the German nation state first established in 1871.

Facts about Germany


Capital City


DACHSER & KOLB: Population


83.2 million

DACHSER & KOLB: Surface Area

Surface Area

222,197.37 mi² or 357,592 km²

DACHSER & KOLB: Continent



DACHSER & KOLB: Official Language

Official Language



Euro (EUR)


The Federal Republic of Germany is a federal state and follows a parliamentary model of democracy. According to the Basic Law, all state power emanates from the people. During an election period, the people transfer this power to the parliaments (the Bundestag and the state parliaments).

State power is divided into legislative (law-making), executive (executing) and judicial (adjudicating) powers. This separation of powers is a fundamental component of every democracy and is enshrined in the Basic Law, Germany's constitution. Parliaments belong to the legislative branch, while governments belong to the executive branch. The judiciary plays a central role, as judges at the state and federal courts are independent and rule exclusively on the basis of the law. The Federal Constitutional Court is the highest German court and monitors compliance with the Basic Law. The decisions of the 16 constitutional judges are binding for all other state bodies.

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Germany has a temperate climate, which is characterized by the transition from the Western European maritime climate to the Eastern European continental climate. In the North German Plain and on the North Sea and Baltic Sea coasts, summers are pleasantly warm and winters are relatively mild. In more southerly and easterly regions, the temperature differences between the seasons can be significantly greater. The warmest months in Germany usually fall between June and September with average temperatures of 21 to 25 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperatures are measured in January. Most rainy days occur in winter, but showers can also be frequent in summer, especially in the mountainous regions.

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The German healthcare system is a dual health insurance system consisting of statutory health insurance (GKV) and private health insurance (PKV). Around 85 percent of the German population is covered by statutory health insurance, while there is the option of taking out private supplementary insurance. Since the health reform of 2007, it has been compulsory for everyone who is resident or ordinarily resident in Germany to have health insurance, which has been implemented almost nationwide. The German healthcare system has two other special features: self-administration and the principle of benefits in kind in the SHI system. Health insurance funds and associations of statutory health insurance physicians are independent public corporations with self-administration. They fulfill their statutory duties independently, while the state merely sets the legal framework and exercises legal supervision. This means that they are not directly part of the state administration and the state is not subject to any technical supervision or right to issue instructions.

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Germany's gross domestic product per capita in 2023 amounted to 48,750 euros. The Gini coefficient of wealth describes the distribution of wealth. The indicator is an established, internationally comparable measure of wealth inequality. It is measured on a scale from zero to one. The higher the value, the greater the inequality. The Gini coefficient in Germany was 0.29 in 2022 (source: Statista).

Germany is one of the countries with one of the highest standards of living in the world. According to the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) for 2021, Germany ranks 9th out of 191 countries. With a population of over 83 million people, it is the most populous country in the European Union and is one of the most densely populated countries. Around 77 percent of the population live in areas with a high or medium population density. Around 30 percent of the population live in large cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, of which there are 80 in Germany. The cities have a great attraction for travelers, with Berlin in particular attracting many visitors and continuously setting new records for overnight stays. Compared to other European cities, the metropolis with 3.8 million inhabitants ranks third in absolute overnight stays, behind London and Paris.

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National holiday


Day of German Unity

The most popular federal states and cities for immigrants to Germany

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Alexander Brugger

Teamlead Customer Service & Sales - AIR&SEA