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Cyprus

Learn the most important information about the destination country for your time in Cyprus

Cyprus is a state on the island of the same name in the eastern Mediterranean and therefore borders the Mediterranean. The state came into being on August 16, 1960, when the former crown colony of Cyprus gained independence from the United Kingdom. Cyprus joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1961.

Facts about Cyprus

DACHSER & KOLB: Capital

Capital City

Nikosia

DACHSER & KOLB: Population

Population

1.24 million

DACHSER & KOLB: Surface Area

Surface Area

5,748.3 mi² or 9,251 km²

DACHSER & KOLB: Continent

Continent

Europe

DACHSER & KOLB: Official Language

Official Language

Greek, Turkish

ISO-Code

CYP

Currency

Euro (EUR)

Politics

According to its 1960 constitution, the Republic of Cyprus is a presidential democracy in which executive power is exercised by the president as head of state and head of government. Since February 2023, this office has been held by the independent Nikos Christodoulides. The House of Representatives is elected every five years and currently consists of 56 Greek Cypriot MPs. The 24 Turkish Cypriot seats have been vacant since 1964. Since Turkey's military intervention and the subsequent occupation of a third of the island in 1974 following a coup against President Makarios, Cyprus has been divided into a Turkish Cypriot north and a Greek Cypriot south. The "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus", unilaterally proclaimed in 1983, is only recognized internationally by Turkey. The entire island has been a member of the European Union since 2004, although the application of EU law has been suspended in the occupied north of Cyprus. Efforts to resolve the Cyprus conflict have so far been unsuccessful. In January 2024, UN Secretary-General António Guterres appointed María Angela Holguín Cuéllar as his personal special envoy for Cyprus. She is currently exploring whether talks to resolve the Cyprus issue can be resumed under the auspices of the United Nations.

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Climate

The climate in Cyprus is typically Mediterranean. The south coast is particularly sunny and dry. During the height of summer, temperatures there often reach 30°C to 35°C. It only gets noticeably cooler and rainier from late fall onwards. There are significant differences in temperature, especially between the coast and the interior. In the area around Nicosia, there is sweltering heat on many days in midsummer, with highs of up to 40°C. At the same time, it is much cooler in the center of the island in autumn and winter, and snow regularly falls in the Troodos Mountains.

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Healthcare

In Cyprus, the healthcare system is a high priority and preventive medicine is actively promoted. Local and foreign nationals who come to Cyprus for health reasons rely on the country's healthcare system. There are a significant number of expats currently living in Cyprus. Many of the medical professionals have received their training in the UK. The healthcare system in Cyprus is of a high standard and is recognized by the World Health Organization as being comparable to developed countries.

Foreign nationals do not need to be vaccinated when entering Cyprus, for example, as there are few cases of infectious diseases and epidemics throughout the country. Food and water safety is strictly monitored by the Medical and Public Health Services Department. There are government hospitals in all major cities, while smaller government hospitals and clinics can be found in other parts of the country. There are also a number of private hospitals throughout the country.

In general, healthcare is cost-effective and is provided by three sectors: the government, the private sector and various other schemes that cover specific population groups. Government hospitals offer free services and private health insurance is also very popular.

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Economy

The gross domestic product per capita of Cyprus in 2023 amounted to 34,790.58 dollars. The Gini coefficient of wealth describes the distribution of wealth. The indicator is an established, internationally comparable measure of wealth inequality. It is measured on a scale from zero to one. The higher the value, the greater the inequality. The Gini coefficient in Cyprua is expected to be 0.31 in 2024 (source: Statista).

The crime rate in Cyprus is extremely low. The standard of living is high and the population is tolerant. Thanks to the diversity in Cyprus, daily life follows European standards.

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National holiday

10.01.

Independence Day

On October 1, 1960, the Greeks, Turks and British agreed that Cyprus should be an independent republic. Cypriots celebrate this independence every year on October 1st.

Quarantine regulations on entry

Cyprus has been divided since 1974, with the north-eastern part of the island proclaimed as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus by the then Turkish president. Northern Cyprus is only recognized by Turkey, while the UN continues to regard Northern Cyprus as part of the Republic of Cyprus. The northern part is considered the Turkish part of Cyprus, while the southern part of the island is known as the Republic of Cyprus and is a member of the European Union. The southern part is mainly inhabited by people of Greek descent, which is why it is considered the Greek part of Cyprus. The so-called Green Line, which also divides the capital Nicosia into two halves, separates the two parts of the island. This line is monitored by the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP).

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Alexander Brugger

Teamlead Customer Service & Sales - AIR&SEA