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Brazil

Learn the most important information about the destination country for your time in Brazil

Brazil is a vast country in South America, stretching from the Amazon basin in the north to the vineyards and majestic Iguaçu Falls in the south. The landmark of Rio de Janeiro is the 38-metre-high statue of Christ on Corcovado Mountain. The metropolis is known for its lively beaches in the Copacabana and Ipanema districts and for its gigantic, exuberant carnival, which is celebrated with magnificent floats, colorful costumes and samba music and dancing.

Facts about Brazil

DACHSER & KOLB: Capital

Capital City

Brasilia

DACHSER & KOLB: Population

Population

214.3 million

DACHSER & KOLB: Surface Area

Surface Area

5,287,868.85 mi² or 8,510,000 km²

DACHSER & KOLB: Continent

Continent

South America

DACHSER & KOLB: Official Language

Official Language

Portuguese

Currency

Brasilian Real (BRL)

Politics

Brazil is a presidential federal republic consisting of the federal government, states and municipalities. Legislative power lies with the National Congress, consisting of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The 513 deputies are elected for four years and the 81 senators for eight years. The President is elected directly by the people for a term of four years with an absolute majority.

Brazil is divided into 26 federal states and the federal district of Brasília. The states have their own constitutions and laws. The heads of government of the states, the governors, are elected directly by the people for a term of four years.

DACHSER & KOLB: Brazil Politics

Climate

Large parts of Brazil are located in tropical areas. In the north and east of the country, the climate is tropical and warm all year round, while it becomes more subtropical and temperate towards the south, with significant temperature differences throughout the year. On the coast in the northeast, temperatures of over thirty degrees are common all year round, accompanied by frequent humidity. The Brazilian winter extends from June to August, while the Brazilian summer lasts from January to February. Due to a greater presence of rainfall than of temperature fluctuations, we speak of rainy and dry seasons.

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Healthcare

Brazil's universal healthcare system guarantees free care for all citizens. In contrast to Germany, there is no compulsory insurance. Therefore, state health centers and hospitals are the primary point of contact for many Brazilians, both for routine examinations and for the treatment of chronic diseases, rehabilitation and the provision of assistive devices. In terms of access and care, whites under the age of 60 have the best experience. However, some families also opt for private facilities due to their financial means, as waiting times are often shorter, more modern equipment is used and the human resources are greater.

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Economy

Brazil's gross domestic product per capita in 2023 amounted to 10,413.00 US dollars. The Gini coefficient of wealth describes the distribution of wealth. The indicator is an established, internationally comparable measure of wealth inequality. It is measured on a scale from zero to one. The higher the value, the greater the inequality. The Gini coefficient in Brazil is expected to be 0.52 in 2024 (source: Statista).

In Brazil, there are extreme differences between rich and poor, and the unequal distribution of resources could hardly be greater. The north-east of the country, which is often referred to as Brazil's poorhouse, is particularly affected by these injustices. Poverty is widespread in this region and there are high rates of crime, drug abuse and prostitution, with street children in particular often falling victim to these circumstances. A striking feature of Brazil is the clear social inequality between the different sections of the population. Hardly any other country has such a wide gap between rich and poor. Regional differences play a decisive role here: while the south has modern economic structures, the north and north-east are considered the poorer regions of Brazil. Social inequality is particularly pronounced in these areas. One example of this is the city of Recife, where the richest twenty percent of the population claim a full 85 percent of the national income, while 40 percent of the population must earn below the statutory minimum wage.

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National holiday

09.07.

Independence Day

Every year, Brazilians celebrate their national holiday on September 7. The national holiday is also known as Independence Day. On this day, they remember the year 1822.

Vaccination Status

Vaccinations against hepatitis A are recommended as travel vaccinations, as are vaccinations against dengue fever, hepatitis B and rabies for long-term stays or special exposure.

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Alexander Brugger

Teamlead Customer Service & Sales - AIR&SEA