Learn the most important information about the destination country for your time in Australia

Australia is a country and continent between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Its largest cities - Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Adelaide - are located on the coasts, but the capital Canberra is inland. The country's famous landmarks include the Sydney Opera House, the Great Barrier Reef, the desert-like interior known as the Outback and unique animal species such as kangaroos and platypuses.

Facts about Australia


Capital City


DACHSER & KOLB: Population


25.69 million

DACHSER & KOLB: Surface Area

Surface Area

4,777,101.73 mi² or 7,688,000 km²

DACHSER & KOLB: Continent


Australia and Oceania

DACHSER & KOLB: Official Language

Official Language

(Australian) English


Australian Dollar


Australia, the sixth largest country in the world, is home to around 26 million inhabitants, but is sparsely populated. The country consists of eight states and territories and is characterized as a vibrant western-style democracy with a very high standard of living. Australia is considered a classic country of immigration and is characterized by cultural diversity. More than a quarter of the Australian population was born abroad. The majority of Australians today regard the art and culture of the indigenous population, which makes up around 3% of the total population, as an integral part of their national identity.

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Summer (November to March) in Australia is sunny and hot with frequent thunderstorms. The winter months (June to August), on the other hand, are sunny and mild, with average temperatures between 10 and 20 degrees Celsius. Desert climate: The central part of Australia consists largely of desert landscape and has a dry climate. Summers are hot, while winters are pleasantly cool. Temperatures can drop below freezing on winter nights. Dry Mediterranean climate: The southwest of Australia has a predominantly Mediterranean climate, characterized by mild and rainy winters and sunny summers.

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Thanks to its "MEDICARE" health insurance system and first-class medical care, the local healthcare system in Australia is considered one of the best in the world. Anyone who lives in Australia permanently, i.e. for at least two years, can benefit from MEDICARE. The system is mainly state-funded, with the remainder covered by a contribution of 1.5% of income (2.5% for higher incomes), which is deducted directly from salary. MEDICARE covers the costs of basic care and hospital services, with hospital costs being fully reimbursed (only in state facilities). However, dental and ophthalmology services as well as medical prostheses and medication are not covered, and policyholders do not have a free choice of doctor. Many Australians have to take out private health insurance to cover the cost of medical services not covered by MEDICARE.

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Australia's gross domestic product per capita in 2023 amounted to 63,487.05 dollars. The Gini coefficient of wealth describes the distribution of wealth. The indicator is an established, internationally comparable measure of wealth inequality. It is measured on a scale from zero to one. The higher the value, the greater the inequality. The Gini coefficient in Australia is expected to be 0.34 in 2024 (source: Statista).

Australia enjoys a high standard of living and is one of the wealthiest societies in the world. In 2019, the average wealth per capita of Australian citizens was over USD 191,000, which was the highest in the world.

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National holiday


Australia Day (also called Invasions Day by opponents)

Australia's official national holiday since 1946 and is celebrated on January 26. This day commemorates the arrival of the First Fleet and their landfall in Sydney Cove on January 26, 1788.

Quarantine regulations on entry

Australia maintains a strict quarantine regime, which is characterized by rigorous enforcement (with thorough checks on entry) and therefore requires strict compliance. All food, plant and animal products carried must be declared on the Incoming Passenger Card. These will then be examined by a quarantine officer at the red check-in counter in the airport area and confiscated if necessary. Failure to declare items that are subject to quarantine regulations can lead to severe penalties. The import and export of many species, especially endangered animal and plant species or goods or souvenirs made from them, is subject to strict regulations. Illegal imports or exports without a permit are subject to severe penalties, including longer prison sentences in some cases. This also applies to historically or culturally significant books, documents, coins and Aboriginal art objects. Before acquiring and exporting such items, buyers should therefore check carefully with the relevant Australian or German customs authorities.

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Alexander Brugger

Teamlead Customer Service & Sales - AIR&SEA